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搶先報## 國外有機新聞--紐約時報 5/3/2009

<圖: 綠點為有機農場, 紫點為所有傳統農場, 橘點為菜園, 藍點為乳牛牧場, 紅點為果園>



The map of organic farms in the United States is clustered into a few geographic centers, a strikingly different pattern than the map of all farms, which spreads densely over many regions, breaking only for the Rockies and Western deserts.

美國的有機農場(見圖綠點)以少數幾個地理中心作為發展, 分布方式不同於境內的傳統農場(見圖紫點)--美國的多數傳統農場緊密地座落在各區域, 僅以落磯山脈及西部沙漠作為區隔.

Areas in the Northeast and Northwest have many small organic farms that sell produce directly to consumers. Large organic farms, which some critics call organic agribusiness, have flourished in California.

美國東北及西北部有許多小型有機農場, 農產品直接銷售給消費者. 而大型有機農場(亦被批評為"商業型有機農業")則在加州非常發達.

The largest organic markets by far are for vegetables, fruit and dairy products, according to Catherine Greene, an economist at the Agriculture Department.

根據美國農業部表示, 目前大型有機農場主要生產蔬菜, 水果, 乳製品.

Organic vegetables now account for 5 percent of all vegetable sales; organic dairies, which are the fastest-growing sector, now produce 1 percent of the nation's milk.

有機蔬菜占美國所有蔬菜銷售的5%. 有機酪農業成長最快, 已占美國鮮乳市場的1%.

And what of the wide swaths of the country with a dearth of organic farms?

在篇幅廣大的美國, 怎麼還是有很多地方不見有機農場呢?

They'll be waiting a few more years for local organic produce. Even if demand, which has lagged in the South and other Sun Belt states, picks up, the Agriculture Department requires a three-year waiting period for farms to win organic certification.

想要取得美國農業部核發的有機認證, 須經過三年的等待期. 所以就算美國南部各州已經逐漸提高了對有機產品的需求, 這些地方還是必須等待數年, 才能開始量產有機農產品.


原文來源: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/03/business/03metrics.html



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